Thursday, July 29, 2021

Education Ministry lays down norms for content for disabled children

Digital schooling sources have to be perceivable, operable, comprehensible and sturdy: Centre

The Education Ministry has laid down new tips for producing digital schooling sources for children with disabilities, after a 12 months wherein the COVID-driven shift to on-line schooling has spotlighted the lacunae in such sources. However, the PDF doc containing the rules doesn’t even observe its personal guidelines, making it partially inaccessible to the visually challenged, says an activist, elevating issues about efficient implementation.


The tips, launched by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank on Tuesday, are based mostly on 4 guiding ideas, stipulating that every one sources have to be perceivable, operable, comprehensible and sturdy for disabled college students. They advocate that every one textbooks be made digitally accessible in a phased method, in order that they’re accessible in a number of codecs akin to textual content, audio, video and signal language with turn-on and turn-off options. Detailed technical requirements have been offered.

The closure of normal faculties and studying centres as a consequence of COVID-19 has led to particular difficulties for many disabled children. For occasion, a current examine by the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy confirmed that greater than half of the NCERT textbooks accessible on the federal government’s digital schooling platform DIKSHA weren’t accessible for visually impaired college students.

Supplementary content

The tips present methods to supply supplementary content for various disabilities, together with college students who face visible and listening to challenges, these on the autism spectrum, these with mental or particular studying disabilities, and people with a number of disabilities. They word that studying actions should embrace audio, visible and tactile experiences, whereas analysis have to be multimodal.


Ironically sufficient, whereas the rules name for using picture descriptions wherever photos are used as a way to be accessible to visually challenged college students utilizing display readers, this isn’t even adopted by the rules doc itself, in response to Muralidharan, secretary, National Platform for the Rights of the Disabled.

“So much for a document that talks of e-accessibility,” he stated. “As guidelines they are very comprehensive and cover all aspects … Concerns of each disability are identified and solutions worked around them. How far they would be implemented is something that we will have to see. The taste of the pudding will lie in its eating.”

Update of platform

The tips do embrace an implementation roadmap. The subsequent steps are the nomination of an skilled technical staff to replace the DIKSHA platform, adopted by coaching and growth of prototypes of the accessible digital textbooks.

Mr. Muralidharan identified that even primary mandates of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2017 haven’t but been carried out, 4 years later, together with a provision {that a} survey of all schoolgoing children be performed inside two years to determine these with disabilities, ascertaining their particular wants and the extent to which these are being met.

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